Long live the king!

Examinations, floods, relocation - for all these events of the scale of one person, I completely missed the news of the scale of the country: in the Netherlands there will be a new king! The first in many, many years. In the middle of last week, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands announced her intention to abdicate in favor of her eldest son, Prince Willem-Alexander. To say that she surprised the Dutch - to say nothing.
The procedure of abdication will take place on the day of the Queen - April 30, 2013, exactly 33 years after the accession of the Queen to the throne. Queen Juliana, in her time on that day in 1980, also abdicated the throne in favor of her daughter. The day was not chosen by chance - in the Netherlands for several decades, April 30 is celebrating the day of the queen. Why on this day - because it is the birthday of the monarch. But you can not guess what: not Queen Beatrix, and not even her mother Juliana, this is the birthday of Grandma Beatrix - Queen Wilhelmina.
Willem-Alexander will be the first king of the Netherlands for a very long time. More than a hundred years — since 1890 — women have ruled this little country. And. ruled quite successfully.
"I will stand" - the motto of the royal house - from the time when the dynasty ruled the tiny principality in the south of France.
The royal family of the Netherlands belongs to the house of Oranskikh-Nassau and has actually headed the Netherlands since the 16th century. Why actually? Because legally the royal dynasty of the Netherlands began to exist from 1815, and before that the dynasty bore the name of the Dukes of Orange and simply was the head of the executive power - without any extra titles and regalia. In the 17th century, the head of the House of William III of Orange ruled not only the Dutch provinces, but also England and Scotland. In both! And I wrote off such a large amount of commonness between the English and the Dutch for the love of those and others towards the sea.
In general, the dynastic intricacies of Europe are a very interesting thing. At the university, we had the subject of "Cultural studies", and part of the program - was to learn all the kings of England in chronological order. Obviously, I then learned them exactly for a week - to pass the exam. But if you take it any seriously, it becomes clear that Europe is even smaller than it seems on the map.
For example, did you know that Luxembourg was part of the Netherlands? Me not. How did it happen that suddenly it became two different monarchies? Very simple. There were kings of the Netherlands and Luxembourg - only 3 kings from 1815 to 1890 - and they ruled successfully these two small countries. Suddenly, in 1890, the king died, leaving no male heir ... Not great trouble - in the courtyard for almost 20 centuries, in Europe, a long time ago, no one was surprised by the queen at the head of the country. And here in Luxembourg they remembered the right of succession, adopted ... drumming ... by the first French king in the 5th century AD! The law is harsh, but it is the law - it is necessary to separate. True, after 30 years, this tradition was still abandoned - but late, Luxembourg is sovereign. http://allacasinononline.com