Immediate tasks for mechanization of transshipment operations in seaports

Over the years of the post-war Stalinist five-year plan, seaport workers have achieved significant success in the field of mechanization of transshipment operations. So, in 1950, the level of mechanization in seaports reached over 88% (on average at all ports of the Ministry), which significantly exceeds the pre-war level of mechanization (in 1940 - 65.9%) and exceeded the level provided for by the five-year plan for 1950 g. (77%). In some ports, the level of mechanization is even higher: in Odessa - 96%, Novorossiysk - 95%, Zhdanovsky - 95%.

New equipment and new, advanced exploitation methods that are rapidly developing as a result of socialist competition have brought to life a new system for organizing transshipment operations and new ways of doing them - high-speed handling of ships in ports.

In 1950, about 6,000 vessels were loaded or unloaded by high-speed methods, which allowed to reduce the parking of these vessels by 100,000 hours against the current round-the-clock standards. On average, over 40% of all cargoes were loaded or unloaded in 1950 at all MMF ports by high-speed methods, and 50–75% at individual ports.

However, despite the high level of mechanization in the ports, many more operations are performed manually, even those that are part of the general complex of the mechanized process.

The mechanization of hold work is not fast enough, which is still largely done manually. Also, mechanization of loading and unloading railway cars and warehouses has not yet been sufficiently developed. There are various machines and devices for carrying out these works, but they are still poorly used.

Studying and summarizing the working methods of the best Stakhanovists, exchanging experience both in the ports themselves and in general in the Ministry’s system is not enough.

For the further development of mechanization, navy workers must solve the following main tasks.

1. The introduction of a comprehensive complex mechanization of reloading and comprehensive reduction of manual work.
2. Further implementation and development of the Bespalovo-Sharapov methods of operating reloading equipment and high-speed handling of ships.

To achieve comprehensive mechanization, it is necessary, first of all, to direct efforts, creative thought of innovators, Stakhanovites of the Navy to the development and implementation of the mechanization of hold work.

Reloading operations in the holds of ships now not only require a significant amount of labor, but also limit the overall intensity of loading and unloading the vessel and delay the speedy handling of ships. Latest Ghana News