Arkharo-merino: a new breed of sheep

Wild mountain sheep argali, living in the alpine zone, perfectly endures the difficult living conditions in the mountains and gets its food at all times of the year. In addition to endurance and other very useful qualities, it is of considerable size. However, argali wool is completely unsuitable for industrial use. Play best Y8 Games at the http://www.y8games.center/ website.

Kazakh arkharo-merinos is tall, strong, has a wide chest, a powerful neck. Strongly developed leg joints, strong hooves allow it to move easily and freely in the mountains. Arkharo-mrnosy are unpretentious, they perfectly find the most valuable types of food on the high-mountain pastures. Like their wild ancestors, the argali, the self-preservation instinct is great among the sheep of the new breed. Their fecundity and ripening is higher than that of coarse-haired fat-tailed sheep. On average, there are 125–130 lambs per 100 queens, and by one and a half years the sheep fully matured.

The average live weight of a three-year ram is 103–105 kilograms, the uterus — 63–65 kilograms. The length of wool in arharo-merino is 7-8 centimeters, and the average shears it is 5-6 kg from a ram and 3.5-4 kg from the uterus. This wool is recognized as a valuable raw material for the textile industry. From it in the Soviet factories produced fabrics of the highest grades.

Arkharo-merinoses are becoming more widespread in Kazakhstan. Nowadays there are many tens of thousands of sheep of this breed on collective and state farms of the republic. In collective farms organized breeding farms. By the end of the fifth five-year plan, the number of arkharo-merinos in the Kazakh SSR should be reduced to at least half a million heads.

The work on growing a new breed of sheep, conducted on a large scale, is another example of the efficacy of Michurin’s materialist teaching on distant interspecific hybridization, its great importance in the national economy. The use of distant interspecific hybridization in zootechnics opens up inexhaustible possibilities for creating new breeds of animals adapted to various climatic and forage conditions of the country.

Continuing to improve the new breed of sheep, workers Kurmektinskogo experimental base carefully select the most successful specimens of animals. Researcher of the Institute of Experimental Biology of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR V. Matveyenko conducts a comparative study of the skulls of wild argali and arharo-merinos. In terms of productivity, arkharo-merinos are not inferior to the long-established breeds of fine-woolly and meat-woolen sheep.